Lighthouse Rover References

The Listing for references linked from our web pages are below, alphabetical order.

Atlantic Lighthouses References

1 Holmes, R. (2019, 5/20). Brenton reef lights history. Rhode Island Lighthouse History. Retrieved from rhodeislandlighthousehistory.info/brenton_reef_lights_history.html

2 Thomson, W.O. (1998) Lighthouse legends & hauntings. Kennebunk ME: Scapes Me

3 Watkins, C. (2008-2020). Everything you need to know about Cape Cod style houses. Homedit retrieved from homedit.com/cape-cod-style-houses/

4 Vincent, M. (2016, 12/21). Historic light station information & photography: Massachusetts. Retrieved from web.archive.org/web/20170501202446/http://www.uscg.mil/history/weblighthouses/LHMA.asp

5 DeWire, E. (2002, 2011). Lighthouses of the Mid-Atlantic coast: Your guide to the lighthouses of New York, New Jersey, Maryland, Delaware and Virginia. Minneapolis, MN: Voyageur Press.

6 Holland, F.R. (1972). America's lighthouses: An illustrated history. Mineola, NY: Dover Publishing.

7 Lighthouse Digest Magazine (Jan. 2000). Bump in the night brings end to Ambrose Tower: New tower replaces it. Retrieved from web.archive.org/web/20070922220725/http://www.lighthousedepot.com/digest/Storypage.cfm?storykey=653

8 Jones, R. (2004, 2013). Lighthouse encyclopedia: The definitive reference. Guilford, Connecticut: Globe Pequote Press.

9 National Park Service (Last update: April 27, 2020). Cape Hatteras National Seashore. North Carolina. Retrieved from nps.gov/caha/index.htm

Best Lighthouses References

1 Kelly Marketing (2021) Lighthouses. Grand Marais Michigan: Eastern gateway to Pictured Rocks National Seashore. Grand Marais Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved from grandmaraismichigan.com/visit-us/attractions/lighthouses/

2 State of Minnesota (2008, Nov. 4). Visitor experience. Split Rock Lighthouse. Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved from mnhs.org/splitrock/visit/health-safety

3 Slick Fish Studios (2021) About us. Portland Head light. Fort Williams Park. Retrieved from portlandheadlight.com/about-us

4 NOAA (1970). Shoreline mileage of the United States. NOAA Office for Coastal Management. At shoreline.noaa.gov/faqs.html?faq=2. Retrieved from coast.noaa.gov/data/docs/states/shorelines.pdf

5 Malloy, B. (2019, Aug. 16). Alcatraz Lighthouse. tripsavvy. Dotdash Publishing. Retrieved from tripsavvy.com/the-alcatraz-lighthouse-1474081

6 Fahlen, K. & Scanlon, K. (2020, Sept. 9). The lighthouses of Cabrillo National Monument. Cabrillo National Monument California. National Park Service. Retrieved from nps.gov/cabr/learn/historyculture/the-lighthouses-of-cabrillo-national-monument.htm

7 Nations Encyclopedia (2021). Ireland. Encyclopedia of the Nations. Advamag Inc. Retrieved from nationsencyclopedia.com/geography/Indonesia-to-Mongolia/Ireland.html

8 Costeloe, M.P.L. (1979). Blacksod Lighthouse. Commissioner of Irish Lights. Navigation and Marine Services. Retrieved from irishlights.ie/tourism/our-lighthouses/blacksod.aspx

9 Mizzen Head Visitor Centre (n.d.) The Fastnet Lighthouse. Mizzen Head Signal Station: Ireland's Most Southwesterly Point. Retrieved from mizenhead.net/fastnet-rock.html

10 Great Lighthouses of Ireland (n.d.). Hook. Retrieved from greatlighthouses.com/lighthouses/hook-head/

11 Lighthouse Digest Magazine (n.d.) Answers to frequently asked questions. Foghorn Publishing. Retrieved from lighthousedigest.com/facts.cfm

12 Rowlett, R. (2020) Lighthouses of Mexico. The Lighthouse Directory. Retrieved from ibiblio.org/lighthouse/index.htm

13 The Cordouan Lighthouse (2021) Explore the rooms. SMIDDEST. Retrieved from phare-de-cordouan.fr/explore-the-rooms.html

14 Rowlett, R. (2020) Lighthouses of India. The Lighthouse Directory. Retrieved from ibiblio.org/lighthouse/index.htm

15 Fisheries and Oceans Canada (2019, Sept. 24). Lighthouses of Newfoundland and Labrador. Communications Branch. Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada. Retrieved from dfo-mpo.gc.ca/otw-am/lighthouses-phares/publications/lightstationsnl-lespharestnl-eng.html

16 The Canadian Press (2012, Dec. 24). Tiny island subject of dispute between Canada and U.S. CBC/Radio-Canada. Retrieved from cbc.ca/news/canada/new-brunswick/tiny-island-subject-of-dispute-between-canada-and-u-s-1.1206664

17 Parks Canada (2019, April 25). Frequently asked questions. National Historic Sites. Retrieved from pc.gc.ca/en/lhn-nhs/pp-hl/page05

18 Government of Canada (2017, Oct. 3). Staffed Lighthouses. Lighthouses in Canada. Retrieved from dfo-mpo.gc.ca/otw-am/lighthouses-phares/canada-eng.html#5

Big Sable Point Lighthouse

1 Jones, R. (2013). The lighthouse encyclopedia. Guilford, Connecticut.: Globe Pequot Publications

2 Stampfler, D.H. (2019) Michigan's haunted lighthouses. Charleston, SC: The History Press.

3 Roach, J. & B. (2005). The ultimate guide to West Michigan lighthouses. Durand, Michigan: Bugs Publishing LLC

4 SPLKA (2020). Sable Points Lighthouses Learning Packet. Retrieved from splka.org/downloads/Educational%20Packet%202020.pdf

Cape Henry Lighthouse

1 Jones, R. (2013). The lighthouse encyclopedia. Guilford, Connecticut: Globe Pequot Publications

2 National Park Service (2018, Nov. 2). Cape Henry Memorial directions. U.S. Dept. of the Interior. Retrieved from nps.gov/came/planyourvisit/directions.htm

3 Historic Sites (2021). Cape Henry Lighthouse. Preservation Virginia. Retrieved from preservationvirginia.org/historic-sites/cape-henry-lighthouse/

4 Virginia Beach (2021). America's first lighthouse: The story of the Cape Henry Lighthouse. Virginia Beach CVB. Retrieved from visitvirginiabeach.com/blog/ post/americas-first-lighthouse-the-story-of-the-cape-henry-lighthouse/

5 Dolin, E. J. (2016). Brilliant beacons: A history of the American lighthouse. New York: Liveright Publishing Corp.

6 Hickey, D.R. (1989). The War of 1812: A forgotten conflict. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Famous Lighthouses

1 Jones, R. (2013). The lighthouse encyclopedia. Guilford, Connecticut.: Globe Pequot Publications

2 Visit Scotland (2020). North Queensferry Harbour Light Tower. Scotland|Alba. Retrieved from visitscotland.com/info/see-do/north-queensferry-harbour-light-tower-p256761

3 Holland Jr., F.R. (1972). America's lighthouses: An illustrated history. New York: Dover Publications.

4 Semonella, A. (2019, Aug. 7). Lighthouse of Genoa: History, legends, and how to get there. Attractions. Discover Genoa. Retrieved from discovergenoa.com/lighthouse-of-genoa/#The_history_of_the_Genoese_Lighthouse

5 Irwin R., MacDonald P. & Mills C. (1996/10/10). Sambro lighthouse. Nova Scotia Lighthouse Preservation Society. Retrieved from nslps.com/about-ns-lighthouses/lighthouse-lists?c=sambro-lighthouse

6 Wikipedia (last edit: 20 February 2020, 09:24 UTC). Kullen Lighthouse. Retrieved from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kullen_Lighthouse

7 Bentz, R. (2007-2020). Breathtaking views at the Cabo Rojo lighthouse. Puerto Rico Day Trips. Retrieved from puertoricodaytrips.com/cabo-rojo-lighthouse/

8 Rowlett, R. (2008, Jan. 5/Updated 2019, July 23) Lighthouses of western Saudi Arabia. Lighthouses: 21. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved from ibiblio.org/lighthouse/sau.htm

Florida Lighthouses References

1 Peck, D.T. (2008, April 9). Misconceptions and myths related to the Fountain of Youth and Juan Ponce de Leon’s 1513 exploration voyage. Retrieved from web.archive.org/web/20080409062720/http://www.newworldexplorersinc.org/FountainofYouth.pdf

2 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (1975). The coastline of the United States. NOAA, U.S. Dept. of Commerce. Retrieved from shoreline.noaa.gov/_pdf/Coastline_of_the_US_1975.pdf

3 Florida Lighthouse Association (n.d.) Florida lighthouses. Preserving, Restoring, Protecting & Defending Florida's Lighthouse Towers, Florida Lighthouse Assoc. Inc. Retrieved from floridalighthouses.org/page-1096052

Haunted Lighthouses References

1 Thomson, W.O. (1998). Lighthouse legends & hauntings. Kennebunck, ME: Scapes Me.

2 Stampfler, D.H. (2019). Michigan's haunted lighthouses. Charleston, SC: The History Press.

3 Russell, V. (2017, April 11). The mystery of "terrible Tilly." Travel Oregon. Retrieved from traveloregon.com/things-to-do/culture-history/historic-sites-oregon-trail/the-mystery-of-terrible-tilly/

4 Atlas Obscura (2020) Tillamook Rock Lighthouse Columbarium. Retrieved from atlasobscura.com/places/tillamook-rock-lighthouse-skb

5 Bjorkman, S. (2014, Oct. 26). A look back: Haunted history at St. Augustine lighthouse. The St. Augustine Record. staugustine.com Retrieved from staugustine.com/article/20141026/NEWS/310269932

6 Long, C. (2019, Oct. 31) Pensacola lighthouse considered one of most haunted in America. Haunted History. News 5 WKRG. Retrieved from wkrg.com/haunted-history/pensacola-lighthouse-considered-one-of-most-haunted-in-america/

7 Diebelius, G. (2016, June 8). The eerie lighthouse abandoned since 1910 because it is 'haunted' and said to have driven keepers who lived there insane. Travel News. Daily Mail. Retrieved from dailymail.co.uk/travel/travel_news/article-3631226/Pictured-eerie-lighthouse-abandoned-1910-haunted-said-driven-keepers-lived-insane.html

8 Spinello, A. (n.d.) Living in the abandoned lighthouse that is haunted by legends of the dead. Marinareservation.com Retrieved from marinareservation.com/articles/mr-marc-pointud-in-the-haunted-lighthouse-tevennec/

9 Go North Wales (2020) Point of Ayr Lighthouse. Hauntings. Retrieved from gonorthwales.co.uk/things-to-do/attractions/landmarks/point-of-ayr-lighthouse

10 Sylvester, E. (2017, Aug. 17). The spooky story behind the Gibraltar Point lighthouse. Culture. Torontoist. Retrieved from torontoist.com/2017/08/spooky-story-behind-gibraltar-point-lighthouse/

11 Russell, N. (2017, Oct. 28). 'Chills up your spine': Are old lighthouse keepers haunting West Point? CBC. PEI. Retrieved from cbc.ca/news/canada/prince-edward-island/pei-west-point-lighthouse-haunted-1.4371389

12 Moynihan, P. (2013, Aug. 30). Hook Lighthouse and its haunting mysteries. Paranormal. The Spooky Isles. Retrieved from spookyisles.com/hook-lighthouse-and-its-haunting-mysteries/

Lake Pontchartrain Lighthouse References

1 Campenella, R. (2019, Oct. 4). 'Where I'll just do as I ... please': a historical geography of Milneburg. The New Orleans Advocate. Retrieved from nola.com/entertainment_life/article_2fa78646-e54a-11e9-ad1d-7b6e546e8bd0.html

2 Boyd, A. (2018, Aug. 16). Port Pontchartrain's Milneburg lighthouse about to get a careful restoration. The New Orleans Advocate. Retrieved from nola.com/archive/article_5c1f4e73-8602-5da7-a505-3dd7f3e38c95.html

3 O'Brien, G.M.St.L. (1997). 1832 to present, Milneburg Light (also known as the Port Pontchartrain Light). New Orleans History -- Lake Pontchartrain. Retrieved from pontchartrain.net/491201

4 Young, S. (2013, June 3). Welcome to the fleet Coast Guard Cutter Margaret Norvell. Coast Guard Compass. Coast Guard. Retrieved from coastguard.dodlive.mil/2013/06/welcome-to-the-fleet-coast-guard-cutter-margaret-norvell/

5 Braesch, C. (2010, Nov. 1). Coast Guard Heroes: Margaret Norvell. Coast Guard Compass. Coast Guard. Retrieved from coastguard.dodlive.mil/2010/11/coast-guard-heroes-margaret-norvell/

7 Anderson, K. (2001-2020). Port Pontchartrain Lighthouse. Port Pontchartrain, LA. Retrieved from lighthousefriends.com/light.asp?ID=807

8 Library of Congress (n.d.) Works Progress Administration. Today in History - April 8. Digital Collections. Retrieved from loc.gov/item/today-in-history/april-08#works-progress-administration

Lighthouse Art References

1 Levin, G. (1995). Edward Hopper: An intimate biography. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

2 Sutro, T. (1905).  Thirteen chapters of American history: Represented by the Edward Moran series of thirteen historical marine paintings. New York: Baker & Taylor Co.

3 Gegoux,T. (2020). Claude-Joseph Vernet (1714-1789). Los Angeles: Theodore Gegoux. Retrieved from gegoux.com/JosephVernet/

4 Thomas Kinkade Studios (2020). About Thomas Kinkade. Retrieved from thomaskinkade.com/thomas-kinkade-studios-company-mission/the-artist/

5 Collins, N. (1961). Art evaluation: How to appreciate art? Art Education Series. Encyclopedia of Art. visual-arts-cork.com. Retrieved from 64.130.23.120/art-evaluation.htm

6 Turner the Complete Works (2002-2017). Biography of Turner. Retrieved from william-turner.org/biography.html

7 Warren Kimble (2020). About Warren. Retrieved from warrenkimble.com/about-warren-kimble/

Lighthouse Books References

1 Merriam-Webster (n.d.). Lighthouse. In Merriam-Webster.com dictionary. Retrieved from merriam-webster.com/dictionary/lighthouse

2 Admin (2018). Word of the Day: Lighthouse. MacMillan Dictionary Blog Retrieved from macmillandictionaryblog.com/lighthouse

3 DeWire, E. (2014, April 16). The lighthouse as a religious symbol. Lighthouses Fascination and the Writing Life. Elinore DeWire's Author Blog. Retrieved from elinordewire.blogspot.com/ 2014/04/the-lighthouse-as-religious-symbol.html

4 Merkin, D. (2004, Sept. 12). To the Lighthouse and beyond. The New York Times Magazine. Retrieved from nytimes.com/2004/09/12/travel/sophisticated/to-the-lighthouse-and-beyond.html

5 Flint, K. (2016, May 25). An Introduction to To the Lighthouse. Discovering Literature: 20th Century. British Library. Retrieved from bl.uk/20th-century-literature/articles/an-introduction-to-to-the-lighthouse#

6 Lacayo, R. (2010, Jan. 6). All time 100 novels. Books. Time. Retrieved from entertainment.time.com/2005/10/16/all-time-100-novels/slide/how-we-picked-the-list/print/

Lighthouse Crafts References

1 Chesapeake Chapter (2013 - 2017). Lighthouse crafts. United States Lighthouse Society. Retrieved from cheslights.org/education/cheslights-kids/crafts/

2 Cohen, C. & Bowes, B. (2021). Plastic cup lighthouse. For Parents. PBS Kids. Retrieved from pbs.org/parents/crafts-and-experiments/plastic-cup-lighthouse

Lighthouse Decor References

1 American Antiquities (n.d.) The Lefton Company. Springfield OH: American Antiquities Journal. Retrieved from americanantiquities.com/Journal%20Articles/TheLeftonCompany.html

2 Plastics and Elastomers (2021). Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) and its features. Omnexus. Retrieved from omnexus.specialchem.com/selection-guide/acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene-abs-plastic#applications

3 Historic Lighthouse Preservation (n.d.) Historic lighthouse preservation: Masonry. Historic Part IV-A, pp. 1-10. Lighthouse Preservation Handbook.

4 Steinbach, D. (2020). How to decorate a room with a lighthouse design. Home Guides | Home Decor | Hearst Communications Inc.

5 Holmes, G.S. (2021). Statuary. How products are made. Volume 5. Made How. Retrieved from .madehow.com/Volume-5/Statuary.html

MISCELLANEOUS OVERALL REFERENCE:

Lynn, R. (2014, July 17). Lighthouse wedding & decorating ideas. PartySwizzle.com

Lighthouse Keeper References

1 Holland Jr., F.R. (1972). America's lighthouses: An illustrated history. New York: Dover Publications.

2 Jones, R. (2013). Lighthouse encyclopedia. Guilford, Connecticut: Globe Pequot Press

3 De Wire, E. (1995) Guardians of the lights. Sarasota, FL: Pineapple Press.

4 Dolin, E.J. (2016). Brilliant beacons: A history of the American lighthouse. New York: Liveright Publishing Corp.

5 Stampfler, D.H. (2019) Michigan's haunted lighthouses. Charleston, SC: The History Press.

6 Stein, E. (2018, Oct. 11). The last lighthouse keeper of Capri. BBC Travel. Retrieved from bbc.com/travel/story/20181005-the-last-lighthouse-keeper-of-capri

7 Thomson, W.O. (1998). Lighthouse legends & hauntings. Kennebunk ME: Scapes Me.

Lighthouse Keepers References

1 Holland Jr., F.R. (1972). America's lighthouses: An illustrated history. New York: Dover Publications.

2 Stampfler, D.H. (2019). Michigan's haunted lighthouses. Charleston, SC: The History Press.

3 Jones, R. (2013). The lighthouse encyclopedia. Guilford, Connecticut.: Globe Pequot Publications

4 Waterway, W. (2014). Gay Head Lighthouse: The first light on Martha's Vineyard. Mount Pleasant, SC: Arcadia Publishing.

5 Cape St. Elias (2019). The Cape. History. Retrieved from capestelias.org/history

6 Krum, E.L. (2009-2020). History - Turkey Point Light Station. Retrieved from tpls.org/historyTPLS.html

Lighthouse Park References

1 NOAA (10/05/17). How long is the U.S. shoreline? National Ocean Service website. Retrieved from oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/shorelength.html

2 Susan (2020) Visiting Florida lighthouses. Travel Guideline. Retrieved from travelguideline.net/visiting-florida-lighthouses.html#Sanibel_Island

3 Coastline of the United States (6 Apr. 2017). Infoplease. © 2000-2017 Sandbox Networks, Inc., publishing as Infoplease. Retrieved from infoplease.com/world/united-states-geography/coastline-united-states

4 Cape Decision Lighthouse Society (Founded in 1977). Mission. Grass-roots 501(c)3 Alaskan corporation, 923  Capital Ave, Juneau, AK, 99801. Retrieved from capedecisionlight.org/missionvision.html

Lighthouses Around the World References

1 Rowlett, R. (2020) The Lighthouse Directory. Retrieved from ibiblio.org/lighthouse/index.htm

2 Bhanti, R.H. (2003, Aug.). Indian Lighthouses- an Overview. Retrieved from dgll.nic.in/WriteReadData/Publication/Publication_Pdf_File/LighthousesofIndia(2).pdf

3 Burnham-On-Sea.com (2014, Dec. 10). Burnham lighthouse on list of world’s top 10 most beautiful lighthouses. Retrieved from burnham-on-sea.com/news/worlds-most-beautiful-lighthouses-08-12-14/

4 Grundhauser, E. & hrnick (2021). Tourlitis Lighthouse. Places. Atlas Obscura. Retrieved from atlasobscura.com/places/tourlitis-lighthouse

5 Faroi.com (n.d.) Lighthouse Turlitis (Andros Isl). Traditional Greek Lighthouses. Retrieved from faroi.com/en/turlitis.htm

6 MN Dept. of Natural Resources (2021). Split Rock Lighthouse State Park. Park Information. Retrieved from dnr.state.mn.us/state_parks/park.html?id=spk00266#information

7 Belloc, H. (n.d.) Isla De Los Estados, Argentina. Expeditions. View Cruises. Seabourn. Retrieved from seabourn.com/en_US/ports/isla-de-los-estados-argentina.html#:~:text=The% 20setting%20for%20the%20story,Staten%20Landt%20(Staten%20Island).

8 Georgievska, M. (2016, Nov. 8). The Lindau Lighthouse is one of the most scenic and photographed lighthouses in Germany. The Vintage News. Retrieved from thevintagenews.com/ 2016/11/08/the-lindau-lighthouse-is-one-of-the-most-scenic-and-photographed-lighthouses-in-germany/

9 Rowlett, R. (2020)Lighthouses of Germany: The Bodensee. Retrieved from ibiblio.org/lighthouse/deu5.htm

10 NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service (2021) Green Cape Lighthouse. New South Wales Government. Retrieved from nationalparks.nsw.gov.au/things-to-do/historic-buildings-places/green-cape-lighthouse

11 Pukenui Holiday Park (2021). The Cape Reinga Lighthouse. Retrieved from pukenuiholidaypark.co.nz/the-cape-reinga-lighthouse/

12 Henares, I. (2006, July 27). Cape Bojeador Lighthouse. Heritage Conservation Society. Retrieved from heritageconservation.wordpress.com/2006/07/27/cape-bojeador-lighthouse/

13 Northern Lighthouse Board (2021). Duncansby Head. Commissioner of Northern Lighthouses. Retrieved from nlb.org.uk/lighthouses/duncansby-head/

14 Undiscovered Scotland (2000-2021) Duncansby Head. Livingston, West Lothian: Undiscovered Scotland. Retrieved from undiscoveredscotland.co.uk/ johnogroats/ duncansbyhead/index.html

15  Árvakur hf (2017, May 18). Incredible location for a lighthouse perched on a rock in Iceland's wild surf. Nature and Travel | Morgunblaðið. Iceland Monitor: mbl.is. Retrieved from icelandmonitor.mbl.is/news/nature_and_travel/2017/05/15/incredible_location_for_a_lighthouse_perched_on_a_r/

Lighthouses in California References

1 Bramucci, S. (2020). Laguna's hidden history: The Victoria Beach pirate tower. Visit Laguna Beach. Retrieved from visitlagunabeach.com/blog/lagunas-hidden-history-the-victoria-beach-pirate-tower/

2 Coast Guard Film Office Hollywood (n.d.) Point Hueneme Lighthouse. Retrieved from sites.google.com/site/pointhuenemelighthouse/home

3 Santa Cruz Attractions (n.d.) Beach attractions in Santa Cruz. An Elite Cafe Media Travel Publisher. Retrieved from californiabeaches.com/attraction/walton-lighthouse/

4 Palos Verde on the Net (n.d.) Point Vicente Lighthouse. Sights of Palos Verdes. Retrieved from palosverdes.com/pvlight/

5 Anderson, K. (2001-2020). Point Montara Lighthouse. Point Montara, CA. Retrieved from lighthousefriends.com/light.asp?ID=78

6 National Park Service (n.d.) Point Bonita Lighthouse. Golden Gate National Recreation Area California. Retrieved from nps.gov/goga/pobo.htm

7 Jones, R. (2013). The lighthouse encyclopedia. Guilford, Connecticut.: Globe Pequot Publications

8 Heather, K. (2020). Point Fermin Lighthouse. Lighthouse History. San Pedro.com Retrieved from pointferminlighthouse.org/index.html

Maritime Museum Lighthouse References

1 Del Norte County Historical Society (n.d.) Lighthouse collections. Battery Point Lighthouse. Retrieved from delnortehistory.org/battery-point-lighthouse/

2 Pontchartrain Conservancy (2017-2020). Guided tours of the lighthouse. Guided Tours. Retrieved from saveourlake.org/lighthouse-museum-2/guided-tours/

3 Boyd, A. (2018, Aug. 16). Port Pontchartrain's Milneburg lighthouse about to get a careful restoration. New Orleans. The New Orleans Advocate. The Times Picayune. Retrieved from nola.com/archive/article_5c1f4e73-8602-5da7-a505-3dd7f3e38c95.html

4 Travel In Portugal (2020) Santa Marta lighthouse and museum. Attractions. 2020 Portugal Travel Guide. Retrieved from travel-in-portugal.com/attractions/santa-marta-lighthouse-and-museum.htm

5 Neotravel (2017, May 26). Kannur lighthouse museum Travel Guide. Neokerala. Retrieved from neokerala.com/kannur/kannur-lighthouse-museum-travel-guide/

6 Trinity House (2016). Lizard lighthouse heritage centre. The Corporation of Trinity House 2016. Retrieved from trinityhouse.co.uk/lighthouse-visitor-centres/lizard-lighthouse-visitor-centre

7 Kendall, K. (2016) Withernsea lighthouse museum. Withernsea Lighthouse. Retrieved from withernsealighthouse.co.uk/

Michigan Lighthouses References

1 NOAA (1970). Shoreline mileage of the United States. NOAA Office for Coastal Management. Retrieved from coast.noaa.gov/data/docs/states/shorelines.pdf

2 Anderson, K. (2001-2020). Turtle Island lighthouse. Turtle Island, OH. Retrieved from lighthousefriends.com/light.asp?ID=271

3 U.S. EPA Great Lakes National Program Office, Walpole Island First Nation, Great Lakes Commission, et.al. (1999, Dec. 1). Lake St. Clair: Its current state and future prospects. Environment Canada; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Ontario Ministry of the Environment; Michigan Department of Environmental Quality

4 Hawley, J.P. (n.d.) History. As referenced in Point Betsie Lighthouse Est. 1858 Retrieved from pointbetsie.org/history/

5 Holland Area Visitors Bureau (2020). View Big Red lighthouse. History of the Big Red Lighthouse. Retrieved from holland.org/trip-ideas/view-big-red-lighthouse

6 Gronberg, J. (2020). Big Red. Holland historic lighthouse. Retrieved from bigredlighthouse.com/

7 Presque Isle Township Museum Society (2020). The lighthouses at Presque Isle, Michigan. Retrieved from presqueislelighthouses.org/

8 Stampfler, D.H. (2019). Michigan's haunted lighthouses. Charleston, SC: The History Press.

9 Round Island Light Michigan (2016). Round Island Lighthouse. Home. Straits of Mackinac, MI. Retrieved from roundislandlightmichigan.com/

10 Gmiter, T. (2019, April 2). Strange happenings on Lake Michigan island that's been on fire since June. Michigan Live. Retrieved from mlive.com/news/grand-rapids/2016/10/strange_happenings_on_lake_mic.html

National Lighthouse Day References

1 American Lighthouse Foundation (2020). National lighthouse day – August 7th. Retrieved from lighthousefoundation.org/national-lighthouse-day/

2 United States Lighthouse Society (2020). National lighthouse day. Retrieved from uslhs.org/fun/lighthouse-festivals-events/national-lighthouse-day

3 Harrison, T. (n.d.) Make national lighthouse day a reality. Lighthouse Digest Magazine. Foghorn Publishing. Retrieved from lhdigest.com/news/day.cfm

4 Ellenberger, M. (2021, May 29). 2021 Michigan Lighthouse Festival. Retrieved from michiganlighthousefestival.com/

Oldest Lighthouses References

1 Jones, R. (2013). The lighthouse encyclopedia. Guilford, Connecticut.: Globe Pequot Publications

2 Wasson, D.L. (2016, Jan. 5). The extent of the Roman Empire. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from ancient.eu/article/851/

3 Daily Saba With AA (2020, Feb. 25). Ancient Patara Lighthouse to shine on Antalya shores centuries later. Daily Sabah. Retrieved from dailysabah.com/life/history/ancient-patara-lighthouse-to-shine-on-antalya-shores-centuries-later#

4 Google Arts & Culture (n.d.) The Roman pharos at Dover Castle. Retrieved from artsandculture.google.com/exhibit/egIS8Lcnz98KIg

5 Holland Jr., F.R. (1972). America's lighthouses: An illustrated history. New York: Dover Publications.

6  Springer (2004). Engineering aspects of the collapse of the Colossus of Rhodes Statue. International Symposium on History of Machines and Mechanisms. pp. 69–85.

7 Bruemmer Bozeman, A. (1994). Politics and culture in international history: From the ancient Near East to the opening of the modern age. Transaction Publishers. ISBN 1-56000-735-4.

8 Pandit, V. (2017, Dec. 27). Mahabalipuram lighthouse. Journals. Retrieved from vikipandit.com/mahabalipuram-lighthouse/

9 Rowlett, R. (2020) Lighthouses of India: Tamil Nadu and Puducherry. The Lighthouse Directory. Retrieved from ibiblio.org/lighthouse/index.htm

10 Global Times (2009, Oct. 8). Attractions: City highlights. Source:Global Times Published. Retrieved from globaltimes.cn/content/455816.shtml

Oregon Lighthouses References

1 Jones, R. (2013). The lighthouse encyclopedia. Guilford, Connecticut.: Globe Pequot Publications

2 U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (2017, July 19). Rules and Regulations. Oregon Islands National Wildlife Refuge. Retrieved from fws.gov/refuge/Oregon_Islands/visit/rules_and_regulations.html

3 Anderson, K. (2001-2020) Umpqua River Lighthouse. Welcome to Lighthouse Friends. Retrieved from lighthousefriends.com/light.asp?ID=130

4 Neal (2012, June 24) Pelican Bay Lighthouse, Brookings, Oregon. Neal's Lighthouse Blog. Retrieved from nealslighthouses.blogspot.com/2012/06/pelican-bay-lighthouse-brookings-oregon.html

5 Oregon Coast Visitors Association (n.d.) Lighthouses. What to Do on the People's Coast. Retrieved from visittheoregoncoast.com/lighthouses/

6 Sparks, J. (2018, June 13). Pelican Bay Light. Oregon Hikers: A service of Trailkeepers of Oregon. Retrieved from oregonhikers.org/field_guide/Pelican_Bay_Light

Outer Banks Lighthouses References

1 Travis, OuterBanks.com (2021) Outer Banks Scenic Byway. Retrieved from outerbanks.com/outer-banks-scenic-byway.html

2 See, J. (2020, July 30). America's Most Scenic Waterside Drive - Outer Banks.

3 America's Byways (n.d.) Driving the Byway. Outer Banks Scenic Byway. National Scenic Byway • North Carolina. U.S. Dept. of Transportation. Federal Highway Administration.

4 OuterBanks.com (2021). Whalebone welcome center. Retrieved from outerbanks.com/whalebone-junction.html

5 Stan White Realty & Construction (2017). Outer Banks National Scenic Byway. Outerbanks Rentals.com Blog Retrieved from outerbanksrentals.com/blog/ outer-banks-national-scenic-byway/#:~:text=The%20four%20lighthouses%20along%20the,schedules%20and%20tourist%2Ddriven%20cities.

Pacific Coast Lighthouses References

1 Sawe, B.E. (2018, Dec. 21). Which island countries are located In the Pacific Ocean? World Atlas. Retrieved from https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/which-island-countries-are-located-in-the-pacific-ocean.html

2 Gault, R. (2005, Nov. 26). On shaky ground: The island Cape Arago Lighthouse sits on is quickly eroding. Statesman Journal. Retrieved from archive.is/20130203010824/http:// www.statesmanjournal.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article

3 Rudy and Alice (2011, Oct. 10). Cape Arago Light: Near Coos Bay OR. Southern Oregon. Retrieved from web.archive.org/web/20101223084200/http://www.rudyalicelighthouse. net/NWLts/CpArago/CpArago.htm

4 Slee, A. (2021, March 29). Access to Lighthouse Beach is open again, but fight to maintain access continues. KCBY11. Retrieved from kcby.com/news/local/access-to-lighthouse-beach-is-open-again-but-fight-to-maintain-access-continues

5 Hauf, T. & Lively, J. (2014, Feb.) A beacon of light for the Channel Islands. Alaska & Pacific West Regions Pacific Ocean Education Team. Pacific Ocean Newsletter. Retrieved from nps.gov/pore/learn/nature/upload/newsletter_pacific_ocean_2014_02.pdf

6 CoastView (2020, May 16). Cape Hinchinbrook Light, Hinchinbrook Island. Coast View Science. Retrieved from coastview.org/articles/2020/05/16/cape-hinchinbrook-light-hinchinbrook-island/

7 Alaska Lighthouse Association (n.d.). Pt. Retreat Restoration Project. Retrieved from aklighthouse.org/newsite/history.html

8 Historian's Office (2019, Sept. 24). Nawiliwili Lighthouse. United States Coast Guard. Dept. of Homeland Security. Retrieved from history.uscg.mil/Browse-by-Topic/Assets/Land/All/ Article/1968821/nawiliwili-lighthouse/

9 Buckler, M. (2019, Sept. 10). Moloka'i Light Station (Kalaupapa Lighthouse). Historian's Office. United States Coast Guard. Dept. of Homeland Security. Retrieved from history.uscg.mil/ Browse-by-Topic/Assets/Land/All/Article/1955700/molokai-light-station-kalaupapa-lighthouse/

10 Associated Press (2008, June 4) Missing Cape Cod lighthouse located in Calif. Yahoo News. Retrieved from web.archive.org/web/20080605181051/http://news.yahoo.com/s/ ap/20080604/ap_on_re_us/odd_lighthouse_located

11 Cebryk, L. (2018). History of the Amphitrite Lighthouse. Ucluelet Info. Retrieved from ucluelet-info.com/history-amphitrite-lighthouse/

12 McCullough, J. (2006). Pachena Point Lighthouse. Heritage Lighthouse. Parks Canada Directory of Federal Heritage Destinations. Retrieved from pc.gc.ca/apps/dfhd/page_hl_eng.aspx?id=14713&i=67763

13 Provan, Captain Alec & MacFarlane, J. (2016) Pachena Point Light. Nauticapedia.ca 2016. Retrieved from nauticapedia.ca/Gallery/Light_Pachena.php

14 Anderson, K. (n.d.). Langara Point Lighthouse. Heritage Lighthouse. Parks Canada Directory of Federal Heritage Destinations. Retrieved from pc.gc.ca/apps/dfhd/page_hl_eng.aspx?id=14952&wbdisable=false

15 Kapiti Wellington Visitor Centre (n.d.) Lighthouse Walk. Department of Conservation. Retrieved from doc.govt.nz/parks-and-recreation/places-to-go/wairarapa/places/castlepoint-scenic-reserve/things-to-do/lighthouse-walk/

16 AA Traveler (2020 Nov.) Walking AA Must-Do's: New Zealand walks from 30 minutes to multi-day. New Zealand Automobile Association Inc. Auckland NZ: AA Tourism Publishing Ltd.

17 Rowlett, R. (2020) Lighthouses of the Philippines: Northeast Luzon and Batanes/ Lighthouses of Russia: Kamchatka/ Lighthouses of China: Dàishān Islands, Zhèjiāng/ Lighthouses of Indonesia: Northern Sulawesi/ Lighthouses of Northern Papua New Guinea/ Lighthouses of Southern Papua New Guinea/ Lighthouses of Micronesia/ Lighthouses of Palau/ Lighthouses of the Northern Mariana Islands/ Lighthouses of Kiribati/ Lighthouses of Samoa & American Samoa/ Lighthouses of the Solomon Islands/ Lighthouses of Tonga/ Lighthouses of El Salvador/ Lighthouses of Nicaragua/ Lighthouses of Guatamala/ Lighthouses of Costa Rica/ Lighthouses of Columbia/ Lighthouses of Ecuador/ Lighthouses of Peru/ Lighthouses of Chile. The Lighthouse Directory. Retrieved from ibiblio.org/lighthouse/index.htm

18 EdgeProp (2018, Feb. 23). Sabah gazettes 24 heritage sites. Malaysia. The Edge Markets. The Edge Communications Sdn. Bhd. Retrieved from theedgemarkets.com/article/sabah-gazettes-24-heritage-sites

19 Encyclopedia Britannica Contributors (2013, June 20) Kalibobo lighthouse. Britannica. Retrieved from britannica.com/place/Kalibobo-lighthouse

20 Lighthouse Explorer (1994-2021). Name: Solo Rock Light. From Lighthouse Digest Magazine. Retrieved from lighthousedigest.com/Digest/database/uniquelighthouse.cfm?value=3411

21 Tourist Link (2021). Inubōsaki Lighthouse. Narita. About Japan. Retrieved from touristlink.com/japan/inubosaki-lighthouse/overview.html

22 Tokokai (n.d.). Climbing Lighthouse 16 Inubosaki Lighthouse ( Choshi City, Chiba Prefecture). Public Interest Incorporated Association Tokokai. Retrieved from tokokai.org/tourlight/ tourlight03/

23 Kenting Travel (2021). Pingtung County ─ Eluanbi Lighthouse. Kenting Attractions. TravelKing. Retrieved from travelking.com.tw/eng/tourguide/kenting/eluanbi-lighthouse.html

24 Vargas. E. (2009, March 24). Voyage through the Pacific Islands of Baja California: A voyage through the islands aboard the Alkaid for 14 days. DAY 7. Reportajes: Las Noticias al Momento. Ensenada.net. Retrieved from ensenada.net/reportajes/nota.php?idNota=156&idReportaje=22

25 Forand, M. (1994-2021). Name: Barrio del Carmen Light. Lighthouse Explorer. From Lighthouse Digest Magazine. Foghorn Publishing. Retrieved from lighthousedigest.com/Digest/ database/uniquelighthouse.cfm?value=3971

26 Hostelman (2008-2020). La Marina Lighthouse. Attractions: Landmarks. Hostelman.com Retrieved from hostelman.com/attractions/peru/departamento-de-lima/miraflores/ landmark/la-marina-lighthouse/

27 Marine Traffic (2007 - 2021) Punta Coles. MarineTraffic.com Retrieved from marinetraffic.com/en/ais/details/lights/1000017369

28 Council of National Monuments (n.d.). Monumental Lighthouse of La Serena. CMN. Retrieved from monumentos.gob.cl/monumentos/monumentos-monumentos/faro-monumental-serena

29 University of Wisconsin (1985). Genealogies of Mayflower families: From the New England Historical and Genealogical Register · Volume 1. United States: Genealogical Publishing Company.

30 Our Navy (2015, Aug. 2). Cabo Carranza lighthouse will be renovated after 120 years. Naval News. Chilean Navy. Retrieved from armada.cl/armada/noticias-navales/faro-cabo-carranza-sera-renovado-tras-120-anos/2015-07-29/155050.html

Parts of a Lighthouse References

1 Jones, R. (2013). The lighthouse encyclopedia. Guilford, Connecticut.: Globe Pequot Publications

2 Dolin, E. J. (2016). Brilliant beacons: A history of the American lighthouse. New York: Liveright Publishing Corp.

3 Sella, A. (2018, Oct. 4). Argand’s lamp: The innovation that gave light to the world. Chemistry World. Retrieved from chemistryworld.com/opinion/argands-lamp/3009536.article

4 Tag, T. (2020). Reflectors by Thomas Tag. United States Lighthouse Society. Retrieved from uslhs.org/reflectors

5 Jenkins, M.B. (1999-2011). Lighthouse lamps and lenses. Chesapeake Bay Lighthouse Project. Retrieved from cblights.com/lights/lampslenses.html

6 Wheeler, W. (2020). The history of fog signals by Wayne Wheeler. United States Lighthouse Society. Retrieved from uslhs.org/history-fog-signals

7 Summary Context Statement (n.d.) NHL Lighthouse Nominations. NPS History. Retrieved from npshistory.com/publications/nhl/special-studies/lighthouses.pdf

8 D'Entremont, J. (1994-2010). Finicky fog bells. American Lighthouse Foundation. Retrieved from lighthousefoundation.org/light_thoughts/ lal_finickyfogbells.htm

9 Wheeler, W. (2021) The lantern by Wayne Wheeler. United States Lighthouse Society. Retrieved from uslhs.org/lantern

10 Trinity House (2016) Why are lighthouses different colours and heights? Trinity House FAQ. Retrieved from trinityhouse.co.uk/about-us/trinity-house-faq/why-are-lighthouses-different-colours-and-heights

11 Penberthy, B. (2016). Lighthouse frequently asked questions. US Lighthouses. Retrieved from us-lighthouses.com/faq.php

12 Browning, R. (2010) Lighthouse evolution and typology. Sea Shell Shop as referenced from USCG. Retrieved from seashellshop.com/ Lighthouse-Evolution-and-Typology/

The Lighthouse Movie 2019 References

1 IMDb (1990-2021). The Lighthouse (2019). Full Cast and Crew | Trivia | User Reviews. Retrieved from imdb.com/title/tt7984734/?ref_=ttfc_fc_tt

2 Kenigsberg, K. (2019, May 19). Cannes 2019: The Lighthouse, Lux Aeterna. As posted by RogerEbert.com. Movie Reviews. Festivals & Awards. Retrieved from rogerebert.com/ festivals/cannes-2019-the-lighthouse-lux-aeterna

3 Berardinelli, J. (2019, Oct. 25). Lighthouse, The (United States/Brazil, 2019). Reel Views Library. Currently In Cinema. RV: ReelViews. Retrieved from reelviews.net/reelviews/lighthouse-the_1

4 Guillamont, M. (2020, May) The Lighthouse: Meaning in a Meaningless World. All Your Obsessions in One Place. Surrealism. The Criterion Collection. 25YL: 25 Years Later. Retrieved from 25yearslatersite.com/2020/06/02/the-lighthouse-meaning-in-a-meaningless-world/

5 McGranaghan, M. (2019). The Lighthouse. The Aisle Seat. AisleSeat.com Retrieved from aisleseat.com/lighthouse.html

Washington Lighthouses References

1 Huppert, D., Moore, A. & Dyson, K (2014). 8: Coasts impacts of climate change on the coasts of Washington State. Seattle: University of Washington.

2 Jones, R. (2013). The lighthouse encyclopedia. Guilford, Connecticut.: Globe Pequot Publications

3 Westport Maritime Museum (2018). Tours & rental information. Westport Maritime Museum & Grays Harbor Lighthouse. Retrieved from westportmaritimemuseum.com/tours/

4 Anderson, K. (2001-2021) Welcome to Lighthouse Friends: Cape Flattery Lighthouse. Cape Flattery, CA. Retrieved from lighthousefriends.com/light.asp?ID=120/ Ediz Hook Lighthouse. Ediz Hook, WA. Retrieved from lighthousefriends.com/light.asp?ID=147 / Marrow Point Lighthouse. Marrow Point WA. Retrieved from lighthousefriends.com/light.asp?ID=109 / Bush Point Lighthouse. Bush Point, WA. Retrieved from lighthousefriends.com/light.asp?ID=860 / West Point Lighthouse. West Point, WA. Retrieved from lighthousefriends.com/light.asp?id=33

5 Point Wilson Lighthouse (n.d.) Point Wilson lighthouse history. Retrieved from pointwilsonlighthouse.org/history

6 Dolin, E. J. (2016). Brilliant beacons: A history of the American lighthouse. New York: Liveright Publishing Corp.

7 Harrison, T. (1999, Jan.). Willapa Bay Light Station and surrounding town slipped into bay. Lighthouse Digest. Retrieved from lighthousedigest.com/digest/Storypage.cfm?storykey=404

8 Washington Rural Heritage (2014/02/04). Slip Point Lighthouse, Clallam Bay, Washington, 1909. North Olympic Heritage. Retrieved from washingtonruralheritage.org/digital/collection/nols/id/1840/

9 DeWire, E. (2017, March 14). Memories of Slip Point Lighthouse. Lighthouses, Fascinations and the Writing Life. Elinor DeWire's Author Blog. Retrieved from elinordewire.blogspot.com/2017/03/memories-of-slip-point-lighthouse.html

10 Dougherty, P. (2012, May 6). The Semiahmoo Lighthouse activates its light on June 5, 1905. As reprinted from Phil Dougherty's article, "Semiahmoo Lighthouse Served as Beacon for Cannery-Bound Ships," from the Bellingham Herald, February 6, 2012. History Link Essay. Retrieved from historylink.org/File/10074

11 Find a Park (n.d.) Patos Island Marine State Park. Washington State Parks. Retrieved from parks.state.wa.us/561/Patos-Island

12 Arcadia Publishing (2021, Feb. 7). New book focus on history of Patos Island Lighthouse. The Journal of the San Juan Islands. Retrieved from sanjuanjournal.com/life/new-book-focus-on-history-of-patos-island-lighthouse/

13 folksji (2020). Lime Kiln Point Park history. Friends of Lime Kiln Society. Retrieved from folkssji.org/park-history/

14 Maher, N. (2021). Cattle Point Lighthouse. Puget Sound and Islands. Washington Trails Association. Retrieved from wta.org/go-hiking/hikes/cattle-point-lighthouse

15 Lighthouse Digest (2008, May). Washington State's lost Smith Island Lighthouse. Retrieved from lhdigest.com/Digest/smithislandlighthouse.pdf

16 McClary, D. (2004, June 28). Admiralty Head Lighthouse. History Link. Retrieved from historylink.org/File/5710

17 North Kitsap (2006, Oct. 2) U.S. Lighthouse group gets rare look at Skunk Bay beacon. Kitsap Daily News. Retrieved from kitsapdailynews.com/news/u-s-lighthouse-group-gets-rare-look-at-skunk-bay-beacon/

18 Aguirre, J. (2021). Discovery Park history. Parks and Recreation. Seattle.gov. Retrieved from seattle.gov/parks/find/centers/discovery-park-environmental-learning-center/discovery-park-history

19 Banel, F. (2020, Nov. 20) All Over The Map: One-of-a-kind historic Pierce County lighthouse gets restoration. MYNorthwest. KIRO Radio/710 ESPN Seattle/AM 770 KTTH. Retrieved from mynorthwest.com/2321884/all-over-the-map-browns-point-lighthouse-restored-pierce-county/