Lighthouse Rover References

The Listing for references linked from our web pages are below, alphabetical order.

Atlantic Lighthouses References

1 Holmes, R. (2019, 5/20). Brenton reef lights history. Rhode Island Lighthouse History. Retrieved from

2 Thomson, W.O. (1998) Lighthouse legends & hauntings. Kennebunk ME: Scapes Me

3 Watkins, C. (2008-2020). Everything you need to know about Cape Cod style houses. Homedit retrieved from

4 Vincent, M. (2016, 12/21). Historic light station information & photography: Massachusetts. Retrieved from

5 DeWire, E. (2002, 2011). Lighthouses of the Mid-Atlantic coast: Your guide to the lighthouses of New York, New Jersey, Maryland, Delaware and Virginia. Minneapolis, MN: Voyageur Press.

6 Holland, F.R. (1972). America's lighthouses: An illustrated history. Mineola, NY: Dover Publishing.

7 Lighthouse Digest Magazine (Jan. 2000). Bump in the night brings end to Ambrose Tower: New tower replaces it. Retrieved from

8 Jones, R. (2004, 2013). Lighthouse encyclopedia: The definitive reference. Guilford, Connecticut: Globe Pequote Press.

9 National Park Service (Last update: April 27, 2020). Cape Hatteras National Seashore. North Carolina. Retrieved from

Best Lighthouses References

1 Kelly Marketing (2021) Lighthouses. Grand Marais Michigan: Eastern gateway to Pictured Rocks National Seashore. Grand Marais Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved from

2 State of Minnesota (2008, Nov. 4). Visitor experience. Split Rock Lighthouse. Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved from

3 Slick Fish Studios (2021) About us. Portland Head light. Fort Williams Park. Retrieved from

4 NOAA (1970). Shoreline mileage of the United States. NOAA Office for Coastal Management. At Retrieved from

5 Malloy, B. (2019, Aug. 16). Alcatraz Lighthouse. tripsavvy. Dotdash Publishing. Retrieved from

6 Fahlen, K. & Scanlon, K. (2020, Sept. 9). The lighthouses of Cabrillo National Monument. Cabrillo National Monument California. National Park Service. Retrieved from

7 Nations Encyclopedia (2021). Ireland. Encyclopedia of the Nations. Advamag Inc. Retrieved from

8 Costeloe, M.P.L. (1979). Blacksod Lighthouse. Commissioner of Irish Lights. Navigation and Marine Services. Retrieved from

9 Mizzen Head Visitor Centre (n.d.) The Fastnet Lighthouse. Mizzen Head Signal Station: Ireland's Most Southwesterly Point. Retrieved from

10 Great Lighthouses of Ireland (n.d.). Hook. Retrieved from

11 Lighthouse Digest Magazine (n.d.) Answers to frequently asked questions. Foghorn Publishing. Retrieved from

12 Rowlett, R. (2020) Lighthouses of Mexico. The Lighthouse Directory. Retrieved from

13 The Cordouan Lighthouse (2021) Explore the rooms. SMIDDEST. Retrieved from

14 Rowlett, R. (2020) Lighthouses of India. The Lighthouse Directory. Retrieved from

15 Fisheries and Oceans Canada (2019, Sept. 24). Lighthouses of Newfoundland and Labrador. Communications Branch. Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada. Retrieved from

16 The Canadian Press (2012, Dec. 24). Tiny island subject of dispute between Canada and U.S. CBC/Radio-Canada. Retrieved from

17 Parks Canada (2019, April 25). Frequently asked questions. National Historic Sites. Retrieved from

18 Government of Canada (2017, Oct. 3). Staffed Lighthouses. Lighthouses in Canada. Retrieved from

Big Sable Point Lighthouse

1 Jones, R. (2013). The lighthouse encyclopedia. Guilford, Connecticut.: Globe Pequot Publications

2 Stampfler, D.H. (2019) Michigan's haunted lighthouses. Charleston, SC: The History Press.

3 Roach, J. & B. (2005). The ultimate guide to West Michigan lighthouses. Durand, Michigan: Bugs Publishing LLC

4 SPLKA (2020). Sable Points Lighthouses Learning Packet. Retrieved from

Cape Henry Lighthouse

1 Jones, R. (2013). The lighthouse encyclopedia. Guilford, Connecticut: Globe Pequot Publications

2 National Park Service (2018, Nov. 2). Cape Henry Memorial directions. U.S. Dept. of the Interior. Retrieved from

3 Historic Sites (2021). Cape Henry Lighthouse. Preservation Virginia. Retrieved from

4 Virginia Beach (2021). America's first lighthouse: The story of the Cape Henry Lighthouse. Virginia Beach CVB. Retrieved from post/americas-first-lighthouse-the-story-of-the-cape-henry-lighthouse/

5 Dolin, E. J. (2016). Brilliant beacons: A history of the American lighthouse. New York: Liveright Publishing Corp.

6 Hickey, D.R. (1989). The War of 1812: A forgotten conflict. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Famous Lighthouses

1 Jones, R. (2013). The lighthouse encyclopedia. Guilford, Connecticut.: Globe Pequot Publications

2 Visit Scotland (2020). North Queensferry Harbour Light Tower. Scotland|Alba. Retrieved from

3 Holland Jr., F.R. (1972). America's lighthouses: An illustrated history. New York: Dover Publications.

4 Semonella, A. (2019, Aug. 7). Lighthouse of Genoa: History, legends, and how to get there. Attractions. Discover Genoa. Retrieved from

5 Irwin R., MacDonald P. & Mills C. (1996/10/10). Sambro lighthouse. Nova Scotia Lighthouse Preservation Society. Retrieved from

6 Wikipedia (last edit: 20 February 2020, 09:24 UTC). Kullen Lighthouse. Retrieved from

7 Bentz, R. (2007-2020). Breathtaking views at the Cabo Rojo lighthouse. Puerto Rico Day Trips. Retrieved from

8 Rowlett, R. (2008, Jan. 5/Updated 2019, July 23) Lighthouses of western Saudi Arabia. Lighthouses: 21. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved from

Florida Lighthouses References

1 Peck, D.T. (2008, April 9). Misconceptions and myths related to the Fountain of Youth and Juan Ponce de Leon’s 1513 exploration voyage. Retrieved from

2 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (1975). The coastline of the United States. NOAA, U.S. Dept. of Commerce. Retrieved from

3 Florida Lighthouse Association (n.d.) Florida lighthouses. Preserving, Restoring, Protecting & Defending Florida's Lighthouse Towers, Florida Lighthouse Assoc. Inc. Retrieved from

Haunted Lighthouses References

1 Thomson, W.O. (1998). Lighthouse legends & hauntings. Kennebunck, ME: Scapes Me.

2 Stampfler, D.H. (2019). Michigan's haunted lighthouses. Charleston, SC: The History Press.

3 Russell, V. (2017, April 11). The mystery of "terrible Tilly." Travel Oregon. Retrieved from

4 Atlas Obscura (2020) Tillamook Rock Lighthouse Columbarium. Retrieved from

5 Bjorkman, S. (2014, Oct. 26). A look back: Haunted history at St. Augustine lighthouse. The St. Augustine Record. Retrieved from

6 Long, C. (2019, Oct. 31) Pensacola lighthouse considered one of most haunted in America. Haunted History. News 5 WKRG. Retrieved from

7 Diebelius, G. (2016, June 8). The eerie lighthouse abandoned since 1910 because it is 'haunted' and said to have driven keepers who lived there insane. Travel News. Daily Mail. Retrieved from

8 Spinello, A. (n.d.) Living in the abandoned lighthouse that is haunted by legends of the dead. Retrieved from

9 Go North Wales (2020) Point of Ayr Lighthouse. Hauntings. Retrieved from

10 Sylvester, E. (2017, Aug. 17). The spooky story behind the Gibraltar Point lighthouse. Culture. Torontoist. Retrieved from

11 Russell, N. (2017, Oct. 28). 'Chills up your spine': Are old lighthouse keepers haunting West Point? CBC. PEI. Retrieved from

12 Moynihan, P. (2013, Aug. 30). Hook Lighthouse and its haunting mysteries. Paranormal. The Spooky Isles. Retrieved from

Lake Pontchartrain Lighthouse References

1 Campenella, R. (2019, Oct. 4). 'Where I'll just do as I ... please': a historical geography of Milneburg. The New Orleans Advocate. Retrieved from

2 Boyd, A. (2018, Aug. 16). Port Pontchartrain's Milneburg lighthouse about to get a careful restoration. The New Orleans Advocate. Retrieved from

3 O'Brien, G.M.St.L. (1997). 1832 to present, Milneburg Light (also known as the Port Pontchartrain Light). New Orleans History -- Lake Pontchartrain. Retrieved from

4 Young, S. (2013, June 3). Welcome to the fleet Coast Guard Cutter Margaret Norvell. Coast Guard Compass. Coast Guard. Retrieved from

5 Braesch, C. (2010, Nov. 1). Coast Guard Heroes: Margaret Norvell. Coast Guard Compass. Coast Guard. Retrieved from

7 Anderson, K. (2001-2020). Port Pontchartrain Lighthouse. Port Pontchartrain, LA. Retrieved from

8 Library of Congress (n.d.) Works Progress Administration. Today in History - April 8. Digital Collections. Retrieved from

Lighthouse Art References

1 Levin, G. (1995). Edward Hopper: An intimate biography. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

2 Sutro, T. (1905).  Thirteen chapters of American history: Represented by the Edward Moran series of thirteen historical marine paintings. New York: Baker & Taylor Co.

3 Gegoux,T. (2020). Claude-Joseph Vernet (1714-1789). Los Angeles: Theodore Gegoux. Retrieved from

4 Thomas Kinkade Studios (2020). About Thomas Kinkade. Retrieved from

5 Collins, N. (1961). Art evaluation: How to appreciate art? Art Education Series. Encyclopedia of Art. Retrieved from

6 Turner the Complete Works (2002-2017). Biography of Turner. Retrieved from

7 Warren Kimble (2020). About Warren. Retrieved from

Lighthouse Books References

1 Merriam-Webster (n.d.). Lighthouse. In dictionary. Retrieved from

2 Admin (2018). Word of the Day: Lighthouse. MacMillan Dictionary Blog Retrieved from

3 DeWire, E. (2014, April 16). The lighthouse as a religious symbol. Lighthouses Fascination and the Writing Life. Elinore DeWire's Author Blog. Retrieved from 2014/04/the-lighthouse-as-religious-symbol.html

4 Merkin, D. (2004, Sept. 12). To the Lighthouse and beyond. The New York Times Magazine. Retrieved from

5 Flint, K. (2016, May 25). An Introduction to To the Lighthouse. Discovering Literature: 20th Century. British Library. Retrieved from

6 Lacayo, R. (2010, Jan. 6). All time 100 novels. Books. Time. Retrieved from

Lighthouse Crafts References

1 Chesapeake Chapter (2013 - 2017). Lighthouse crafts. United States Lighthouse Society. Retrieved from

2 Cohen, C. & Bowes, B. (2021). Plastic cup lighthouse. For Parents. PBS Kids. Retrieved from

Lighthouse Decor References

1 American Antiquities (n.d.) The Lefton Company. Springfield OH: American Antiquities Journal. Retrieved from

2 Plastics and Elastomers (2021). Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) and its features. Omnexus. Retrieved from

3 Historic Lighthouse Preservation (n.d.) Historic lighthouse preservation: Masonry. Historic Part IV-A, pp. 1-10. Lighthouse Preservation Handbook.

4 Steinbach, D. (2020). How to decorate a room with a lighthouse design. Home Guides | Home Decor | Hearst Communications Inc.

5 Holmes, G.S. (2021). Statuary. How products are made. Volume 5. Made How. Retrieved from


Lynn, R. (2014, July 17). Lighthouse wedding & decorating ideas.

Lighthouse Keeper References

1 Holland Jr., F.R. (1972). America's lighthouses: An illustrated history. New York: Dover Publications.

2 Jones, R. (2013). Lighthouse encyclopedia. Guilford, Connecticut: Globe Pequot Press

3 De Wire, E. (1995) Guardians of the lights. Sarasota, FL: Pineapple Press.

4 Dolin, E.J. (2016). Brilliant beacons: A history of the American lighthouse. New York: Liveright Publishing Corp.

5 Stampfler, D.H. (2019) Michigan's haunted lighthouses. Charleston, SC: The History Press.

6 Stein, E. (2018, Oct. 11). The last lighthouse keeper of Capri. BBC Travel. Retrieved from

7 Thomson, W.O. (1998). Lighthouse legends & hauntings. Kennebunk ME: Scapes Me.

Lighthouse Keepers References

1 Holland Jr., F.R. (1972). America's lighthouses: An illustrated history. New York: Dover Publications.

2 Stampfler, D.H. (2019). Michigan's haunted lighthouses. Charleston, SC: The History Press.

3 Jones, R. (2013). The lighthouse encyclopedia. Guilford, Connecticut.: Globe Pequot Publications

4 Waterway, W. (2014). Gay Head Lighthouse: The first light on Martha's Vineyard. Mount Pleasant, SC: Arcadia Publishing.

5 Cape St. Elias (2019). The Cape. History. Retrieved from

6 Krum, E.L. (2009-2020). History - Turkey Point Light Station. Retrieved from

Lighthouse Park References

1 NOAA (10/05/17). How long is the U.S. shoreline? National Ocean Service website. Retrieved from

2 Susan (2020) Visiting Florida lighthouses. Travel Guideline. Retrieved from

3 Coastline of the United States (6 Apr. 2017). Infoplease. © 2000-2017 Sandbox Networks, Inc., publishing as Infoplease. Retrieved from

4 Cape Decision Lighthouse Society (Founded in 1977). Mission. Grass-roots 501(c)3 Alaskan corporation, 923  Capital Ave, Juneau, AK, 99801. Retrieved from

Lighthouses Around the World References

1 Rowlett, R. (2020) The Lighthouse Directory. Retrieved from

2 Bhanti, R.H. (2003, Aug.). Indian Lighthouses- an Overview. Retrieved from

3 (2014, Dec. 10). Burnham lighthouse on list of world’s top 10 most beautiful lighthouses. Retrieved from

4 Grundhauser, E. & hrnick (2021). Tourlitis Lighthouse. Places. Atlas Obscura. Retrieved from

5 (n.d.) Lighthouse Turlitis (Andros Isl). Traditional Greek Lighthouses. Retrieved from

6 MN Dept. of Natural Resources (2021). Split Rock Lighthouse State Park. Park Information. Retrieved from

7 Belloc, H. (n.d.) Isla De Los Estados, Argentina. Expeditions. View Cruises. Seabourn. Retrieved from 20setting%20for%20the%20story,Staten%20Landt%20(Staten%20Island).

8 Georgievska, M. (2016, Nov. 8). The Lindau Lighthouse is one of the most scenic and photographed lighthouses in Germany. The Vintage News. Retrieved from 2016/11/08/the-lindau-lighthouse-is-one-of-the-most-scenic-and-photographed-lighthouses-in-germany/

9 Rowlett, R. (2020)Lighthouses of Germany: The Bodensee. Retrieved from

10 NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service (2021) Green Cape Lighthouse. New South Wales Government. Retrieved from

11 Pukenui Holiday Park (2021). The Cape Reinga Lighthouse. Retrieved from

12 Henares, I. (2006, July 27). Cape Bojeador Lighthouse. Heritage Conservation Society. Retrieved from

13 Northern Lighthouse Board (2021). Duncansby Head. Commissioner of Northern Lighthouses. Retrieved from

14 Undiscovered Scotland (2000-2021) Duncansby Head. Livingston, West Lothian: Undiscovered Scotland. Retrieved from johnogroats/ duncansbyhead/index.html

15  Árvakur hf (2017, May 18). Incredible location for a lighthouse perched on a rock in Iceland's wild surf. Nature and Travel | Morgunblaðið. Iceland Monitor: Retrieved from

Lighthouses in California References

1 Bramucci, S. (2020). Laguna's hidden history: The Victoria Beach pirate tower. Visit Laguna Beach. Retrieved from

2 Coast Guard Film Office Hollywood (n.d.) Point Hueneme Lighthouse. Retrieved from

3 Santa Cruz Attractions (n.d.) Beach attractions in Santa Cruz. An Elite Cafe Media Travel Publisher. Retrieved from

4 Palos Verde on the Net (n.d.) Point Vicente Lighthouse. Sights of Palos Verdes. Retrieved from

5 Anderson, K. (2001-2020). Point Montara Lighthouse. Point Montara, CA. Retrieved from

6 National Park Service (n.d.) Point Bonita Lighthouse. Golden Gate National Recreation Area California. Retrieved from

7 Jones, R. (2013). The lighthouse encyclopedia. Guilford, Connecticut.: Globe Pequot Publications

8 Heather, K. (2020). Point Fermin Lighthouse. Lighthouse History. San Retrieved from

Maritime Museum Lighthouse References

1 Del Norte County Historical Society (n.d.) Lighthouse collections. Battery Point Lighthouse. Retrieved from

2 Pontchartrain Conservancy (2017-2020). Guided tours of the lighthouse. Guided Tours. Retrieved from

3 Boyd, A. (2018, Aug. 16). Port Pontchartrain's Milneburg lighthouse about to get a careful restoration. New Orleans. The New Orleans Advocate. The Times Picayune. Retrieved from

4 Travel In Portugal (2020) Santa Marta lighthouse and museum. Attractions. 2020 Portugal Travel Guide. Retrieved from

5 Neotravel (2017, May 26). Kannur lighthouse museum Travel Guide. Neokerala. Retrieved from

6 Trinity House (2016). Lizard lighthouse heritage centre. The Corporation of Trinity House 2016. Retrieved from

7 Kendall, K. (2016) Withernsea lighthouse museum. Withernsea Lighthouse. Retrieved from

Michigan Lighthouses References

1 NOAA (1970). Shoreline mileage of the United States. NOAA Office for Coastal Management. Retrieved from

2 Anderson, K. (2001-2020). Turtle Island lighthouse. Turtle Island, OH. Retrieved from

3 U.S. EPA Great Lakes National Program Office, Walpole Island First Nation, Great Lakes Commission, (1999, Dec. 1). Lake St. Clair: Its current state and future prospects. Environment Canada; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Ontario Ministry of the Environment; Michigan Department of Environmental Quality

4 Hawley, J.P. (n.d.) History. As referenced in Point Betsie Lighthouse Est. 1858 Retrieved from

5 Holland Area Visitors Bureau (2020). View Big Red lighthouse. History of the Big Red Lighthouse. Retrieved from

6 Gronberg, J. (2020). Big Red. Holland historic lighthouse. Retrieved from

7 Presque Isle Township Museum Society (2020). The lighthouses at Presque Isle, Michigan. Retrieved from

8 Stampfler, D.H. (2019). Michigan's haunted lighthouses. Charleston, SC: The History Press.

9 Round Island Light Michigan (2016). Round Island Lighthouse. Home. Straits of Mackinac, MI. Retrieved from

10 Gmiter, T. (2019, April 2). Strange happenings on Lake Michigan island that's been on fire since June. Michigan Live. Retrieved from

National Lighthouse Day References

1 American Lighthouse Foundation (2020). National lighthouse day – August 7th. Retrieved from

2 United States Lighthouse Society (2020). National lighthouse day. Retrieved from

3 Harrison, T. (n.d.) Make national lighthouse day a reality. Lighthouse Digest Magazine. Foghorn Publishing. Retrieved from

4 Ellenberger, M. (2021, May 29). 2021 Michigan Lighthouse Festival. Retrieved from

Oldest Lighthouses References

1 Jones, R. (2013). The lighthouse encyclopedia. Guilford, Connecticut.: Globe Pequot Publications

2 Wasson, D.L. (2016, Jan. 5). The extent of the Roman Empire. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

3 Daily Saba With AA (2020, Feb. 25). Ancient Patara Lighthouse to shine on Antalya shores centuries later. Daily Sabah. Retrieved from

4 Google Arts & Culture (n.d.) The Roman pharos at Dover Castle. Retrieved from

5 Holland Jr., F.R. (1972). America's lighthouses: An illustrated history. New York: Dover Publications.

6  Springer (2004). Engineering aspects of the collapse of the Colossus of Rhodes Statue. International Symposium on History of Machines and Mechanisms. pp. 69–85.

7 Bruemmer Bozeman, A. (1994). Politics and culture in international history: From the ancient Near East to the opening of the modern age. Transaction Publishers. ISBN 1-56000-735-4.

8 Pandit, V. (2017, Dec. 27). Mahabalipuram lighthouse. Journals. Retrieved from

9 Rowlett, R. (2020) Lighthouses of India: Tamil Nadu and Puducherry. The Lighthouse Directory. Retrieved from

10 Global Times (2009, Oct. 8). Attractions: City highlights. Source:Global Times Published. Retrieved from

Oregon Lighthouses References

1 Jones, R. (2013). The lighthouse encyclopedia. Guilford, Connecticut.: Globe Pequot Publications

2 U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (2017, July 19). Rules and Regulations. Oregon Islands National Wildlife Refuge. Retrieved from

3 Anderson, K. (2001-2020) Umpqua River Lighthouse. Welcome to Lighthouse Friends. Retrieved from

4 Neal (2012, June 24) Pelican Bay Lighthouse, Brookings, Oregon. Neal's Lighthouse Blog. Retrieved from

5 Oregon Coast Visitors Association (n.d.) Lighthouses. What to Do on the People's Coast. Retrieved from

6 Sparks, J. (2018, June 13). Pelican Bay Light. Oregon Hikers: A service of Trailkeepers of Oregon. Retrieved from

Outer Banks Lighthouses References

1 Travis, (2021) Outer Banks Scenic Byway. Retrieved from

2 See, J. (2020, July 30). America's Most Scenic Waterside Drive - Outer Banks.

3 America's Byways (n.d.) Driving the Byway. Outer Banks Scenic Byway. National Scenic Byway • North Carolina. U.S. Dept. of Transportation. Federal Highway Administration.

4 (2021). Whalebone welcome center. Retrieved from

5 Stan White Realty & Construction (2017). Outer Banks National Scenic Byway. Outerbanks Blog Retrieved from outer-banks-national-scenic-byway/#:~:text=The%20four%20lighthouses%20along%20the,schedules%20and%20tourist%2Ddriven%20cities.

Pacific Coast Lighthouses References

1 Sawe, B.E. (2018, Dec. 21). Which island countries are located In the Pacific Ocean? World Atlas. Retrieved from

2 Gault, R. (2005, Nov. 26). On shaky ground: The island Cape Arago Lighthouse sits on is quickly eroding. Statesman Journal. Retrieved from

3 Rudy and Alice (2011, Oct. 10). Cape Arago Light: Near Coos Bay OR. Southern Oregon. Retrieved from net/NWLts/CpArago/CpArago.htm

4 Slee, A. (2021, March 29). Access to Lighthouse Beach is open again, but fight to maintain access continues. KCBY11. Retrieved from

5 Hauf, T. & Lively, J. (2014, Feb.) A beacon of light for the Channel Islands. Alaska & Pacific West Regions Pacific Ocean Education Team. Pacific Ocean Newsletter. Retrieved from

6 CoastView (2020, May 16). Cape Hinchinbrook Light, Hinchinbrook Island. Coast View Science. Retrieved from

7 Alaska Lighthouse Association (n.d.). Pt. Retreat Restoration Project. Retrieved from

8 Historian's Office (2019, Sept. 24). Nawiliwili Lighthouse. United States Coast Guard. Dept. of Homeland Security. Retrieved from Article/1968821/nawiliwili-lighthouse/

9 Buckler, M. (2019, Sept. 10). Moloka'i Light Station (Kalaupapa Lighthouse). Historian's Office. United States Coast Guard. Dept. of Homeland Security. Retrieved from Browse-by-Topic/Assets/Land/All/Article/1955700/molokai-light-station-kalaupapa-lighthouse/

10 Associated Press (2008, June 4) Missing Cape Cod lighthouse located in Calif. Yahoo News. Retrieved from ap/20080604/ap_on_re_us/odd_lighthouse_located

11 Cebryk, L. (2018). History of the Amphitrite Lighthouse. Ucluelet Info. Retrieved from

12 McCullough, J. (2006). Pachena Point Lighthouse. Heritage Lighthouse. Parks Canada Directory of Federal Heritage Destinations. Retrieved from

13 Provan, Captain Alec & MacFarlane, J. (2016) Pachena Point Light. 2016. Retrieved from

14 Anderson, K. (n.d.). Langara Point Lighthouse. Heritage Lighthouse. Parks Canada Directory of Federal Heritage Destinations. Retrieved from

15 Kapiti Wellington Visitor Centre (n.d.) Lighthouse Walk. Department of Conservation. Retrieved from

16 AA Traveler (2020 Nov.) Walking AA Must-Do's: New Zealand walks from 30 minutes to multi-day. New Zealand Automobile Association Inc. Auckland NZ: AA Tourism Publishing Ltd.

17 Rowlett, R. (2020) Lighthouses of the Philippines: Northeast Luzon and Batanes/ Lighthouses of Russia: Kamchatka/ Lighthouses of China: Dàishān Islands, Zhèjiāng/ Lighthouses of Indonesia: Northern Sulawesi/ Lighthouses of Northern Papua New Guinea/ Lighthouses of Southern Papua New Guinea/ Lighthouses of Micronesia/ Lighthouses of Palau/ Lighthouses of the Northern Mariana Islands/ Lighthouses of Kiribati/ Lighthouses of Samoa & American Samoa/ Lighthouses of the Solomon Islands/ Lighthouses of Tonga/ Lighthouses of El Salvador/ Lighthouses of Nicaragua/ Lighthouses of Guatamala/ Lighthouses of Costa Rica/ Lighthouses of Columbia/ Lighthouses of Ecuador/ Lighthouses of Peru/ Lighthouses of Chile. The Lighthouse Directory. Retrieved from

18 EdgeProp (2018, Feb. 23). Sabah gazettes 24 heritage sites. Malaysia. The Edge Markets. The Edge Communications Sdn. Bhd. Retrieved from

19 Encyclopedia Britannica Contributors (2013, June 20) Kalibobo lighthouse. Britannica. Retrieved from

20 Lighthouse Explorer (1994-2021). Name: Solo Rock Light. From Lighthouse Digest Magazine. Retrieved from

21 Tourist Link (2021). Inubōsaki Lighthouse. Narita. About Japan. Retrieved from

22 Tokokai (n.d.). Climbing Lighthouse 16 Inubosaki Lighthouse ( Choshi City, Chiba Prefecture). Public Interest Incorporated Association Tokokai. Retrieved from tourlight03/

23 Kenting Travel (2021). Pingtung County ─ Eluanbi Lighthouse. Kenting Attractions. TravelKing. Retrieved from

24 Vargas. E. (2009, March 24). Voyage through the Pacific Islands of Baja California: A voyage through the islands aboard the Alkaid for 14 days. DAY 7. Reportajes: Las Noticias al Momento. Retrieved from

25 Forand, M. (1994-2021). Name: Barrio del Carmen Light. Lighthouse Explorer. From Lighthouse Digest Magazine. Foghorn Publishing. Retrieved from database/uniquelighthouse.cfm?value=3971

26 Hostelman (2008-2020). La Marina Lighthouse. Attractions: Landmarks. Retrieved from landmark/la-marina-lighthouse/

27 Marine Traffic (2007 - 2021) Punta Coles. Retrieved from

28 Council of National Monuments (n.d.). Monumental Lighthouse of La Serena. CMN. Retrieved from

29 University of Wisconsin (1985). Genealogies of Mayflower families: From the New England Historical and Genealogical Register · Volume 1. United States: Genealogical Publishing Company.

30 Our Navy (2015, Aug. 2). Cabo Carranza lighthouse will be renovated after 120 years. Naval News. Chilean Navy. Retrieved from

Parts of a Lighthouse References

1 Jones, R. (2013). The lighthouse encyclopedia. Guilford, Connecticut.: Globe Pequot Publications

2 Dolin, E. J. (2016). Brilliant beacons: A history of the American lighthouse. New York: Liveright Publishing Corp.

3 Sella, A. (2018, Oct. 4). Argand’s lamp: The innovation that gave light to the world. Chemistry World. Retrieved from

4 Tag, T. (2020). Reflectors by Thomas Tag. United States Lighthouse Society. Retrieved from

5 Jenkins, M.B. (1999-2011). Lighthouse lamps and lenses. Chesapeake Bay Lighthouse Project. Retrieved from

6 Wheeler, W. (2020). The history of fog signals by Wayne Wheeler. United States Lighthouse Society. Retrieved from

7 Summary Context Statement (n.d.) NHL Lighthouse Nominations. NPS History. Retrieved from

8 D'Entremont, J. (1994-2010). Finicky fog bells. American Lighthouse Foundation. Retrieved from lal_finickyfogbells.htm

9 Wheeler, W. (2021) The lantern by Wayne Wheeler. United States Lighthouse Society. Retrieved from

10 Trinity House (2016) Why are lighthouses different colours and heights? Trinity House FAQ. Retrieved from

11 Penberthy, B. (2016). Lighthouse frequently asked questions. US Lighthouses. Retrieved from

12 Browning, R. (2010) Lighthouse evolution and typology. Sea Shell Shop as referenced from USCG. Retrieved from Lighthouse-Evolution-and-Typology/

The Lighthouse Movie 2019 References

1 IMDb (1990-2021). The Lighthouse (2019). Full Cast and Crew | Trivia | User Reviews. Retrieved from

2 Kenigsberg, K. (2019, May 19). Cannes 2019: The Lighthouse, Lux Aeterna. As posted by Movie Reviews. Festivals & Awards. Retrieved from festivals/cannes-2019-the-lighthouse-lux-aeterna

3 Berardinelli, J. (2019, Oct. 25). Lighthouse, The (United States/Brazil, 2019). Reel Views Library. Currently In Cinema. RV: ReelViews. Retrieved from

4 Guillamont, M. (2020, May) The Lighthouse: Meaning in a Meaningless World. All Your Obsessions in One Place. Surrealism. The Criterion Collection. 25YL: 25 Years Later. Retrieved from

5 McGranaghan, M. (2019). The Lighthouse. The Aisle Seat. Retrieved from

Washington Lighthouses References

1 Huppert, D., Moore, A. & Dyson, K (2014). 8: Coasts impacts of climate change on the coasts of Washington State. Seattle: University of Washington.

2 Jones, R. (2013). The lighthouse encyclopedia. Guilford, Connecticut.: Globe Pequot Publications

3 Westport Maritime Museum (2018). Tours & rental information. Westport Maritime Museum & Grays Harbor Lighthouse. Retrieved from

4 Anderson, K. (2001-2021) Welcome to Lighthouse Friends: Cape Flattery Lighthouse. Cape Flattery, CA. Retrieved from Ediz Hook Lighthouse. Ediz Hook, WA. Retrieved from / Marrow Point Lighthouse. Marrow Point WA. Retrieved from / Bush Point Lighthouse. Bush Point, WA. Retrieved from / West Point Lighthouse. West Point, WA. Retrieved from

5 Point Wilson Lighthouse (n.d.) Point Wilson lighthouse history. Retrieved from

6 Dolin, E. J. (2016). Brilliant beacons: A history of the American lighthouse. New York: Liveright Publishing Corp.

7 Harrison, T. (1999, Jan.). Willapa Bay Light Station and surrounding town slipped into bay. Lighthouse Digest. Retrieved from

8 Washington Rural Heritage (2014/02/04). Slip Point Lighthouse, Clallam Bay, Washington, 1909. North Olympic Heritage. Retrieved from

9 DeWire, E. (2017, March 14). Memories of Slip Point Lighthouse. Lighthouses, Fascinations and the Writing Life. Elinor DeWire's Author Blog. Retrieved from

10 Dougherty, P. (2012, May 6). The Semiahmoo Lighthouse activates its light on June 5, 1905. As reprinted from Phil Dougherty's article, "Semiahmoo Lighthouse Served as Beacon for Cannery-Bound Ships," from the Bellingham Herald, February 6, 2012. History Link Essay. Retrieved from

11 Find a Park (n.d.) Patos Island Marine State Park. Washington State Parks. Retrieved from

12 Arcadia Publishing (2021, Feb. 7). New book focus on history of Patos Island Lighthouse. The Journal of the San Juan Islands. Retrieved from

13 folksji (2020). Lime Kiln Point Park history. Friends of Lime Kiln Society. Retrieved from

14 Maher, N. (2021). Cattle Point Lighthouse. Puget Sound and Islands. Washington Trails Association. Retrieved from

15 Lighthouse Digest (2008, May). Washington State's lost Smith Island Lighthouse. Retrieved from

16 McClary, D. (2004, June 28). Admiralty Head Lighthouse. History Link. Retrieved from

17 North Kitsap (2006, Oct. 2) U.S. Lighthouse group gets rare look at Skunk Bay beacon. Kitsap Daily News. Retrieved from

18 Aguirre, J. (2021). Discovery Park history. Parks and Recreation. Retrieved from

19 Banel, F. (2020, Nov. 20) All Over The Map: One-of-a-kind historic Pierce County lighthouse gets restoration. MYNorthwest. KIRO Radio/710 ESPN Seattle/AM 770 KTTH. Retrieved from